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Justin Trudeau in the News

Prime Minister's Office Press Releases

  • Prime Minister announces changes in the senior ranks of the public service
    The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today announced the following changes in the senior ranks of the public service:Sandra McCardell, currently Assistant Deputy Minister, International Affairs Branch, Environment and Climate Change Canada, becomes Associate Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, effective July 22, 2024.John Moffet, currently Assistant Deputy Minister, Environmental Protection Branch, Environment and Climate Change Canada, becomes Associate Deputy Minister of Environment and Climate Change, effective July 22, 2024.Mark Schaan, currently Senior Assistant Deputy Minister, Strategy and Innovation Policy Sector, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, becomes Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet (Artificial Intelligence), Privy Council Office, effective July 29, 2024.The Prime Minister took this opportunity to thank David Vigneault for his dedication and service to Canadians as Director of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service and wished him all the best in the future.Biographical NotesSandra McCardellJohn MoffetMark Schaan
  • Ukraine Compact
    We the leaders of the United States of America, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, together with the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission, and the President of Ukraine:Commend the security agreements and arrangements finalized with Ukraine by 20 countries and the European Union (EU) under the framework of the Joint Declaration of Support for Ukraine (Joint Declaration) released on the margins of the 2023 Vilnius North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit, and welcome all the remaining Joint Declaration signatories finalizing their respective security agreements and arrangements with Ukraine in the near future;Affirm that the security of Ukraine is integral to the security of the Euro-Atlantic region and beyond, and that we intend to support Ukraine until it prevails against Russia’s aggression;Emphasize our unwavering commitment to a free, independent, democratic, and sovereign Ukraine capable of defending itself and deterring future aggression, and reaffirm Ukraine’s sovereign right to choose its own security arrangements as well as political, social, economic, and cultural systems;Underscore that Russia’s illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine is a threat to international peace and security; a flagrant violation of international law, including the United Nations (UN) Charter; and incompatible with our security interests; andRecognize Ukraine’s commitment to reforms strengthening democracy, the rule of law, and respect for human rights and media freedoms, as needed to advance its Euro-Atlantic aspirations, and emphasize our shared values and interests, including respect for the principles of the UN Charter such as sovereignty and territorial integrity.Today, we announce the Ukraine Compact (Compact) with a view towards coordinating and accelerating our collective efforts to meet Ukraine’s comprehensive security needs, as outlined in the Joint Declaration and in the security agreements and arrangements each of the signatories (Compact Signatories) has completed with Ukraine. Through this Compact, we declare our enduring intent and commitment to ensure Ukraine can successfully defend its freedom, independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity today and deter acts of aggression in the future. To meet these vital objectives, as outlined in our respective bilateral security agreements and arrangements and consistent with all applicable laws and our respective legal systems, Compact Signatories pledge to:Support Ukraine’s immediate defense and security needs, including through the continued provision of security assistance and training, modern military equipment, and defense industrial and necessary economic support, working bilaterally and through existing multilateral mechanisms, including the Ukraine Defense Contact Group (UDCG) and its Capability Coalitions, NATO Security Assistance and Training for Ukraine (NSATU), and the EU Military Assistance Mission in support of Ukraine (EUMAM Ukraine);Accelerate efforts to build a Ukrainian future force that maintains a credible defense and deterrence capability, including by convening within 6 months at the level of Defense Ministers through the UDCG to review and approve roadmaps prepared by the leaders of the Capability Coalitions — each a Compact Signatory — on future force development through 2027, in coordination with and EUMAM Ukraine, with a view to continue strengthening the force into the 2030s; andIn the event of future Russian armed attack against Ukraine following the conclusion of current hostilities, convene swiftly and collectively at the most senior levels to determine appropriate next steps in supporting Ukraine as it exercises its right of self-defense as enshrined in Article 51 of the UN Charter, including the provision of swift and sustained security assistance and the imposition of economic and other costs on Russia.We intend to uphold these commitments with unwavering determination by leveraging the multilateral security architecture that supports Ukraine, consistent with our respective national laws and security and defense policies. Compact Signatories plan to take these commitments forward while Ukraine pursues its pathway towards future membership in the EU, NATO, and the broader Euro-Atlantic community.Other countries that wish to contribute to this effort to ensure a free, democratic, independent, and sovereign Ukraine may join this Compact upon completion of a bilateral security agreement or arrangement with Ukraine.Endorsed at Washington, this 11th day of July,2024, by the leaders of:The United States of AmericaBelgiumCanadaCzechiaDenmarkEstoniaThe European UnionFinlandFranceGermanyIcelandItalyJapanLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgThe NetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaSloveniaSpainSwedenUkraineThe United Kingdom
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of Estonia Kaja Kallas
    Today, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met with the Prime Minister of Estonia, Kaja Kallas, on the margins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C., United States of America.Prime Minister Trudeau and Prime Minister Kallas welcomed the continued deepening of bilateral relations between Canada and Estonia, demonstrated by the converting of Canada’s diplomatic office in Estonia into a full embassy with a resident ambassador.The prime ministers expressed their steadfast support for Ukraine in the face of Russia’s ongoing war of aggression, as well as for Ukraine’s path toward Euro-Atlantic integration. Prime Minister Trudeau and Prime Minister Kallas also discussed the seizure and forfeiture of sanctioned Russian assets.The two leaders also discussed the importance of cyber resilience, including the importance of ensuring the Alliance is secure and able to mitigate the potential for significant harm from cyber threats.Prime Minister Trudeau reaffirmed Canada’s enduring commitment to security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region, noting Canada’s role as the Framework Nation for the NATO multinational Battlegroup, soon to be Brigade, in Latvia. He also recognized Estonia’s leadership as a host nation of a NATO multinational Battlegroup.Prime Minister Trudeau congratulated Prime Minister Kallas on her nomination as the European Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and thanked her for years of collaboration in support of shared priorities in her capacity as Prime Minister of Estonia.The two leaders highlighted the importance of the NATO Alliance in upholding global peace and security and agreed to remain in close contact.Associated LinksCanada-Estonia relationsPrime Minister strengthens defence and security partnerships at the NATO SummitCanada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationOperation REASSURANCECanada’s response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with President of Latvia Edgars Rinkēvičs
    Today, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met with the President of Latvia, Edgars Rinkēvičs, on the margins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C, United States of America.Prime Minister Trudeau reaffirmed Canada’s enduring commitment to Euro-Atlantic security, including through Operation REASSURANCE. He looked forward to continue working with Latvia and other Allies to scale up the Canada-led NATO multinational Battlegroup, soon to be Brigade, in Latvia. The two leaders welcomed the recent opening of the Battlegroup’s headquarters, on July 3, 2024. President Rinkēvičs thanked Prime Minister Trudeau for Canada’s steadfast leadership on enhancing security on NATO’s Eastern Flank.The two leaders discussed their steadfast support for Ukraine in the face of Russia’s ongoing war of aggression and reiterated that they will stand with the Ukrainian people for as long as it takes.The Prime Minister and the President discussed the importance of ensuring the well-being and safe return of Ukrainian children who were unlawfully deported and forcibly transferred by Russia. This includes ongoing efforts through Canada’s co-leadership, with Ukraine, of the International Coalition for the Return of Ukrainian Children.Prime Minister Trudeau and President Rinkēvičs highlighted the importance of the NATO Alliance in upholding global peace and security and agreed to remain in regular contact.Associated LinksCanada-Latvia relationsPrime Minister strengthens defence and security partnerships at the NATO SummitCanada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationOperation REASSURANCECanada’s response to the Russian invasion of UkraineInternational Coalition for the Return of Ukrainian Children
  • Statement of the NATO-Ukraine Council
    We, the Heads of State and Government of the NATO-Ukraine Council, met today during this historic NATO Summit. For more than two years of Russia’s brutal full-scale invasion of Ukraine, and ten years since Russia’s illegal and illegitimate annexation of Crimea and initial military intervention in the Donbas, the people of Ukraine have been heroically defending their nation, their land, and our shared values. We solemnly pay tribute to the lives lost, and we deplore the human suffering and destruction caused by Russia’s illegal, unjustifiable, and unprovoked war of aggression. Russia has failed in its efforts to undermine Ukraine’s statehood and break the resolve of the Ukrainian people. The men and women of the Ukrainian Armed Forces and the people of Ukraine continue to inspire the world with their bravery and determination. Ukraine stands strong as a sovereign, independent, and democratic nation.Russia bears full responsibility for this war, a blatant violation of international law including the UN Charter, for which it must be held fully accountable. We condemn all those who are facilitating Russia’s war and amplifying Russia’s disinformation campaigns. Russia’s war against Ukraine has shattered peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area and has had a profound impact on the safety, security, and welfare of billions of people around the world. Russia has not shown any genuine openness to a just and lasting peace. Allies welcome and support President Zelenskyy’s continuous commitment to advance a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace through his Peace Formula and the Peace Summit process, including the important first Summit in Switzerland.Russia is responsible for the deaths of thousands of civilians and has caused extensive damage to civilian infrastructure.  We condemn in the strongest possible terms Russia’s horrific attacks on the Ukrainian people, including on hospitals, on 8 July.  We welcome the announced commitments to provide Ukraine with additional air defence systems and other military capabilities, as Allies increase their support to meet Ukraine’s needs and help protect its people, cities, and infrastructure from Russia’s appalling attacks. NATO will support and advise on the design and implementation of an integrated air and missile defence architecture for Ukraine, to enable the most efficient use of Ukraine’s air and missile defence capabilities and support its transition to full interoperability with NATO.A strong, independent, and democratic Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders is vital for the stability and security of the Euro-Atlantic area. Ukraine’s fight for its independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity directly contributes to Euro-Atlantic security. Allies and partners continue to step up vital political, military, financial, economic, and humanitarian assistance as Ukraine exercises its inherent right to self-defence as enshrined in Article 51 of the UN Charter. Allies also continue to strengthen Ukraine’s resilience by helping sustain its energy infrastructure, providing critical energy supplies, and enabling the transit of goods and grain. Allies remain as resolute as ever in supporting Ukraine for as long as it takes for Ukraine to prevail.We welcome the launch of the NATO Security Assistance and Training for Ukraine (NSATU), which will coordinate the provision of military training and equipment for Ukraine by Allies and partners and will provide logistical support. It will ensure enhanced, predictable, and coherent security assistance to Ukraine for the long term, bolstering the support Allies and partners provide to Ukraine. NSATU, which will operate in Allied states, will strengthen our ongoing cooperation to transform Ukraine’s defence and security forces, so that Ukraine is more capable of defending itself now and deterring any further Russian aggression in the future.Ukraine requires long-term support. Allies are determined to support Ukraine in building a force capable of defeating Russian aggression. We welcome Allies’ pledge of long-term security assistance for the provision of military equipment, assistance, and training for Ukraine. We also welcome that, to that end, Allies intend to provide a minimum baseline funding of €40 billion within the next year, and to provide sustainable levels of security assistance for Ukraine to prevail.As we continue to intensify our cooperation and strengthen Ukraine’s political integration with NATO, the Alliance is reinforcing the NATO Representation to Ukraine (NRU), and the Secretary General has decided to appoint a NATO Senior Representative to head the NRU and to act as a focal point for NATO’s engagement with Ukrainian authorities in Kyiv.We have made significant progress in our ongoing cooperation, including through the Comprehensive Assistance Package (CAP) for Ukraine, to strengthen and rebuild the Ukrainian security and defence sector, support Ukraine’s deterrence and defence in the long term, and transition Ukraine to full interoperability with NATO. To that end:We have jointly developed initial NATO Interoperability Requirements, making full use of NATO-related defence planning processes and tools, to inform and support Ukraine’s security and defence sector reforms and enable the long-term interoperability of our forces.We are working together to bring Ukraine’s defence procurement in line with Euro-Atlantic best practices through the Strategic Defence Procurement Review.We will work together to identify and apply lessons from Russia’s war against Ukraine, including on resilience, in the newly established Joint Analysis, Training, and Education Centre (JATEC) in Poland. As a joint NATO-Ukraine structure, JATEC will serve as an important pillar of practical cooperation and increase Ukraine’s interoperability with NATO.We are launching new joint activities to support Ukraine’s self-defence through the first NATO-Ukraine Innovation Cooperation Roadmap.NATO will continue to support Ukraine’s self-defence with urgently needed non-lethal equipment and supplies through the CAP, and we welcome partner contributions.With these long-term commitments, we are building on the work we have done together in the NATO-Ukraine Council (NUC) to advance Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic aspirations, including Ukraine’s strategic goal of NATO membership. Since establishing the NUC at the Vilnius Summit, we have been working and taking decisions together, as equals, on a broad range of issues, including interoperability, energy security and infrastructure, innovation, cyber defence, defence industry, countering disinformation, and resilience. The NUC has also proven to be an effective crisis consultation mechanism.Allies fully support Ukraine’s right to choose its own security arrangements and decide its own future, free from outside interference.  Ukraine’s future is in NATO.  Ukraine has become increasingly interoperable and politically integrated with the Alliance.  Allies welcome the concrete progress Ukraine has made since the Vilnius Summit on its required democratic, economic, and security reforms.  As Ukraine continues this vital work, Allies will continue to support it on its irreversible path to full Euro-Atlantic integration, including NATO membership.  Allies reaffirm that they will be in a position to extend an invitation to Ukraine to join the Alliance when Allies agree and conditions are met.  The Summit decisions by NATO and the NATO-Ukraine Council, combined with Allies’ ongoing work, constitute a bridge to Ukraine’s membership in NATO.  Allies will continue to support Ukraine’s progress on interoperability as well as additional democratic and security sector reforms, which NATO Foreign Ministers will continue to assess through the adapted Annual National Programme.We welcome the bilateral long-term security commitments Allies and partners have agreed with Ukraine based on the G7 Joint Declaration of Support for Ukraine launched in Vilnius. They are mutually reinforcing and are a testament to the shared and unwavering commitment to a free, independent, democratic, and sovereign Ukraine, within its internationally recognised borders, capable of defending itself and deterring future aggression. These commitments, together with the decisions taken at this Summit, provide for sustained, enduring support to Ukraine as it defends its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and support Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration.
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Keir Starmer
    Today, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met with the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Sir Keir Starmer, on the margins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C., United States of America.Prime Minister Trudeau looked forward to working with Prime Minister Starmer, following his recent election, and both leaders welcomed the opportunity to advance shared priorities, including deepening our national security partnership, fighting climate change, upholding democratic institutions and the rules-based international order, and improving economic growth for people in Canada and the United Kingdom.The prime ministers reiterated their unity and solidarity with Ukraine and its people as they continue to resist Russia’s ongoing war of aggression, including increased attacks on energy and civilian infrastructure. They discussed the global implications of Russia’s brutal and unjustifiable war, while underscoring President Zelenskyy’s efforts toward a just and sustainable peace. The leaders also commended the progress made by Ukraine as it continues on its path toward Euro-Atlantic integration.The leaders expressed deep concern over the ongoing dire humanitarian situation in Gaza. They reiterated their support for the proposal for an immediate ceasefire, the release of all hostages, a significant and sustained increase in humanitarian assistance throughout Gaza, and an enduring end to the crisis, with Israel’s security interests and the safety of civilians assured.Prime Minister Trudeau and Prime Minister Starmer reaffirmed the strong bond between Canada and the United Kingdom and highlighted the importance of the Commonwealth as a forum to work together on pressing global issues. They also highlighted the importance of continuing to strengthen the NATO Alliance in its efforts to uphold global peace and security and agreed to remain in regular contact.Associated LinksCanada-United Kingdom relationsPrime Minister strengthens defence and security partnerships at the NATO SummitCanada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationCanada’s response to the Russian invasion of UkraineCanada’s response to the crisis in Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
  • Prime Minister strengthens defence and security partnerships at the NATO Summit
    The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today concluded his participation in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C., United States of America. A cornerstone of transatlantic security for 75 years, the NATO Alliance has a critical role in upholding democracy, peace, security, and the rules-based international order. Today, the Alliance stands stronger and more united than ever.Canada was a founding member of NATO in 1949. Since then, we have deepened our role in the Alliance by participating in nearly every NATO operation. Since 2015, Canada is among the top five NATO Allies when it comes to absolute spending increases on defence. In 2017, we released a plan to ensure long-term, predictable funding for investments in new capabilities like warships, aircraft, and armoured vehicles, along with a strong focus on supporting and caring for Canadian Armed Forces members. As we move forward, one of the most urgent and important tasks we face is in the Arctic and Northern regions, where the changing physical and geopolitical landscapes have created new threats. To tackle these threats, assert Canada’s sovereignty in the Arctic, and uphold continental defence, we invested around $38 billion in modernizing NORAD, in partnership with the United States. Building on our continued investments, Canada released Our North, Strong and Free: A Renewed Vision for Canada’s Defence earlier this year, which invests $73 billion in defence and security over the next two decades, including significant investment in the Arctic.One of the main areas of investment identified in Our North, Strong and Free was underwater surveillance capability. With the longest coastline in the world, underwater surveillance capability is crucial to Canada’s national security. That is why, while at the Summit, Canada announced its first step toward the procurement of up to 12 conventionally powered, under-ice capable submarines, and the launch of the process to formally engage industry on this acquisition. This procurement is an important step in implementing Canada’s renewed vision for defence, and this investment will help keep our three coastlines safe and secure. Canada also signed a trilateral letter of intent with Germany and Norway to establish a strategic partnership aimed at strengthening maritime security co-operation in the North Atlantic in support of NATO’s deterrence and defence.As we continue to implement Our North Strong and Free through further investments, Canada expects to reach NATO’s 2 per cent of GDP spending target by 2032. We have also committed to a regular cycle of review of Canada’s defence policy, including a new defence policy update in 2028. Through that process, we will continue to explore opportunities to further increase defence spending in a manner that protects Canada and advances our strategic interests.Canada and NATO have also long recognized that climate change risks global stability, security, and defence – including in the warming Arctic – opening a new arena of competition that our adversaries are eager to exploit. On the margins of the Summit, Prime Minister Trudeau announced an enhanced trilateral partnership with the United States and Finland, called the Icebreaker Collaboration Effort (ICE Pact). This new partnership builds on the world-class expertise of our three countries and will further strengthen our abilities to produce best-in-class polar capable vessels. This increased co-operation will ensure peace and prosperity in the Arctic and polar regions, create good-paying jobs, foster scientific research, and help meet emerging defence and security challenges. This partnership will provide the basis for like-minded nations to increase their polar capabilities to uphold international rules, norms, and standards in the Arctic and Antarctic regions for generations to come.Allies were joined by the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, at a meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Council. Building on Canada’s longstanding support for Ukraine, the Prime Minister committed further assistance so that Ukraine can continue to defend its freedom, including over $500 million in additional military assistance funding. Our support is as follows:Committing an additional $500 million in military assistance to Ukraine, as part of NATO’s pledge of long-term security assistance for Ukraine. This includes almost $444 million to Canada’s Department of National Defence to support the costs of military equipment, assistance, and training for Ukraine’s Armed Forces as well as over $56 million for the NATO Comprehensive Assistance Package (CAP) Trust Fund for Ukraine to help rebuild the Ukrainian security and defence sector and advance Ukraine’s transition toward full interoperability with NATO. Canadian funding through the CAP also provides equipment for women in Ukraine’s Armed Forces. These additional funds complement Canada’s existing military assistance to Ukraine, for a total of $1.1 billion this year.Supporting the launch of NATO Security Assistance and Training for Ukraine, which will co-ordinate the provision of military training, equipment, and logistical support.Allocating up to $389 million to enhance F-16 pilot training through the Ukraine Defense Contact Group Air Force Capability Coalition. Sourced through previously announced military funding, this commitment will support training for pilots in Ukraine’s Armed Forces as well as provide critical equipment to support Ukraine’s safe operation of F-16s.Canada also signed the Ukraine Compact, a joint statement with G7 countries and partners, that reconfirms enduring support for Ukraine’s self-defence and deterrence capabilities.During his visit, Prime Minister Trudeau also advanced Team Canada efforts to promote the Canada-United States relationship. On the margins of the Summit, he met leaders of the United States Senate, members of the House of Representatives, state governors, as well as American business leaders to strengthen our bilateral partnerships, including to increase trade and investment, scale up our cross-border supply chains, support our manufacturing sectors, create good middle-class jobs, and accelerate the transition to clean energy. Team Canada is promoting and defending Canada’s interests in and with the United States – working to build a better, fairer, and more prosperous future for Canadians and Americans alike.While in Washington, Canada and the United States also marked a key milestone in the negotiations to modernize the Columbia River Treaty. Our two countries have reached an agreement-in-principle that will enable us to draft the terms of a modernized Treaty that will protect communities from flooding, advance clean energy, and promote Indigenous priorities, including the environment. Canada, in partnership with the Province of British Columbia, the Ktunaxa, the Secwépemc, and the Syilx Okanagan Nations, will continue to work toward a modernized Treaty that supports a healthy and prosperous Columbia River Basin.Throughout the Summit, the Prime Minister met with numerous Allied leaders to collaborate on mutual priorities and reaffirm Canada’s commitment to strengthening shared defence and security partnerships. Along with collective defence and security, Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, and partnerships with the Indo-Pacific and the European Union, there were also discussions about the importance of countering the rise of mis- and disinformation, addressing threats from emerging technologies, strengthening climate change security, and integrating the Women, Peace and Security Agenda into collective work. With fellow Allies, Canada pledged to expand the defence industrial capacity, including by encouraging joint procurement of military equipment, accelerating the adoption of new technologies, and more.Prime Minister Trudeau also thanked the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, for his leadership and collaboration over the past 10 years and wished him the best in his future endeavours after his term as Secretary General comes to an end this fall. The Prime Minister welcomes his successor, Mark Rutte, and looks forward to working with him to further strengthen the Alliance.Quote“For 75 years, NATO has been a cornerstone of transatlantic security – an Alliance united by the values of freedom, justice, and the rule of law. As threats to peace and security become increasingly complex, Canada and our government stand ready to step up. As we wrap up this year’s NATO Summit, we will strengthen our work to defend peace, protect democracy, and build a better, fairer, and more prosperous world for everyone.”The Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of CanadaQuick FactsAt the Summit, NATO Allies were joined by international partners, including Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, and the European Union.In Washington, Prime Minister Trudeau had bilateral meetings with the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the Prime Minister of Estonia, Kaja Kallas, the President of Latvia, Edgars Rinkēvičs, the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, Dick Schoof, the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Christopher Luxon, the President of the Republic of Korea, Yoon Suk Yeol, and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Sir Keir Starmer.The Prime Minister also provided opening remarks at an event to celebrate the newly accredited NATO Climate Change and Security Centre of Excellence (CCASCOE) located in Montréal, Quebec, for which Canada is the host nation. Climate change is a defining challenge for Canada, NATO, Allies, and other partners, and CCASCOE will serve as an international hub for cutting-edge applied interdisciplinary climate change research.The modernized Columbia River Treaty will ensure continued flood risk management and co-operation on hydropower for the Columbia River, while incorporating important provisions that were not considered in the original agreement, such as ecosystem health and Indigenous cultural values.Seventy-five years ago, the North Atlantic Treaty was signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949, establishing the NATO Alliance, of which Canada is a founding member.Current Canadian contributions to NATO include:Supporting NATO assurance and deterrence measures in Central and Eastern Europe through Operation REASSURANCE. With approximately 1,500 Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members currently deployed, it is Canada’s largest international military operation. Canada has been leading the NATO multinational Battlegroup, soon-to-be Brigade, in Latvia since 2017. In July 2023, Prime Minister Trudeau announced the renewal and expansion of Operation REASSURANCE, committing $2.6 billion to a three-year mandate, with up to 2,200 CAF troops continuously deployed.Deploying His Majesty’s Canadian Ship Charlottetown to join and assume flagship duties of Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2) as part of Operation REASSURANCE in the Mediterranean Sea. The Royal Canadian Navy’s involvement in SNMG2 demonstrates Canada’s continued participation in NATO and strengthens military co-operation with our Allies and partners in the region.Hosting the NATO Climate Change and Security Centre of Excellence, in Montréal, Quebec, and NATO’s North American Regional Office of the Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North Atlantic, in Halifax, Nova Scotia.Continuing to support training and capacity-building efforts in the Middle East under Operation IMPACT, including through NATO Mission Iraq, which was set up under Canadian command, and contributing to lasting security and stability in the country.Providing CAF personnel support to the NATO-led international peace support operation in Kosovo through Operation KOBOLD.Since 2022, Canada has committed over $19.5 billion in multifaceted support to Ukraine. This includes $4.5 billion in military aid and equipment donations, such as Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks and an armoured recovery vehicle, armoured combat support vehicles, anti-tank weapons, and other arms and equipment. Other assistance includes $12.4 billion in financial assistance, $352.5 million in humanitarian assistance, $442 million in development assistance, and over $210 million in security and stabilization programming.Related ProductsBackgrounder: Standing together with Ukraine through victory and beyondWashington Summit DeclarationCanada, Finland, and the United States joint statement on ICE PactUkraine CompactStatement by the Prime Minister on an agreement-in-principle reached between Canada and the United States on the Columbia River TreatyPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of Estonia Kaja KallasPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with President of Latvia Edgars RinkēvičsPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Keir StarmerPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with President of Ukraine Volodymyr ZelenskyyPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of the Netherlands Dick SchoofPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with President of Republic of Korea Yoon Suk YeolPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with United States House of Representatives Minority Leader and Leader of the House Democratic Caucus Hakeem JeffriesPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with leaders of the United States SenatePrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Chief Executive Officer of Business Roundtable Joshua BoltenPrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Governor of Maryland Wes MoorePrime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with members of the NATO Parliamentary AssemblyAssociated LinksCanada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationCanada-United States relationsOur North, Strong and Free: A Renewed Vision for Canada’s DefenceNATO Climate Change and Security Centre of ExcellenceCanada’s response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Prime Minister of New Zealand Christopher Luxon
    Yesterday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met with the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Christopher Luxon, on the margins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C., United States of America.Prime Minister Trudeau emphasized the importance of New Zealand as both a friend and partner to Canada. He welcomed New Zealand as an Indo-Pacific partner to NATO and underscored that co-operation between NATO and its partners in the Indo-Pacific region is essential in addressing emerging threats in various domains. The two leaders also discussed the importance of joint efforts on combating foreign interference. The prime ministers discussed the ongoing need for close collaboration and co-ordination in addressing global crises, such as the situation in the Middle East. They reaffirmed their support for Ukraine in the face of Russia’s ongoing war of aggression, including by deepening collaboration through the recently announced flagship projects between NATO and Indo-Pacific partners.The prime ministers also discussed their shared commitment to advancing the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership. Prime Minister Trudeau also underscored his support for the Canadian dairy sector and reiterated that recent dispute resolution findings have reinforced the legitimacy of our supply management system. Prime Minister Trudeau and Prime Minister Luxon highlighted the importance of the NATO Alliance in upholding global peace and security. They agreed to remain in close contact and to continue to work together to advance shared bilateral interests, including maintaining Canada and New Zealand’s strong momentum on upholding the rules-based international order and addressing common challenges in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond.Associated LinksCanada-New Zealand relations Prime Minister to travel to Washington, D.C., for NATO Summit Canada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationCanada’s response to the Russian invasion of UkraineCanada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy
    Yesterday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met with the President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, on the margins of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Summit in Washington, D.C., United States of America.The Prime Minister reiterated his condemnation of Russia’s increased indiscriminate attacks on civilians, including Russia’s recent abhorrent attack on Okhmatdyt Children’s Hospital in Kyiv, Ukraine, and he offered further support in the wake of these attacks. He also underscored how these horrific attacks have only served to further strengthen NATO’s unity and resolve in support of Ukraine as Russia continues its unjustifiable war of aggression.Prime Minister Trudeau reaffirmed Canada’s ongoing and unwavering support for Ukraine. He noted Canada’s commitment to provide an additional $500 million in military assistance to Ukraine as part of NATO’s Pledge of Long-Term Security Assistance for Ukraine, as well as further support to enhance F-16 training for Ukrainian pilots through the Ukraine Defense Contact Group Air Force Capability Coalition.The leaders also exchanged views on Ukraine’s efforts toward a just and sustainable peace. They noted the need to continue building on the success of the recent Summit on Peace in Ukraine in Lucerne, Switzerland, on June 15 to 16, 2024, including Canada’s commitment to host a Ministerial event on Working Group Four to discuss the return of prisoners of war, unlawfully detained civilians, and illegally deported children.The leaders discussed progress that has been made to provide critical assistance to Ukraine, including at this year’s NATO Summit. They also noted Ukraine’s progress as it continues on its path toward Euro-Atlantic integration and NATO membership.Prime Minister Trudeau and President Zelenskyy reaffirmed their intention to remain in close and regular contact.Associated LinksCanada-Ukraine relationsPrime Minister to travel to Washington, D.C., for NATO SummitCanada and the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationCanada’s response to the Russian invasion of UkraineToward a just and lasting peace in Ukraine 
  • Canada, Finland, and the United States joint statement on ICE Pact
    “As leaders of Arctic nations, Canada, Finland, and the United States, recognizing the enduring importance of the region to our collective economic, climate, and national security, we resolve to deepen our cooperation to ensure the polar and Arctic regions remain peaceful, cooperative, and prosperous. As part of this effort, we are announcing an enhanced trilateral partnership called the Icebreaker Collaboration Effort or ICE Pact.“Through ICE Pact, our governments will build on our longstanding and ongoing bilateral ties. As the first initiative under ICE Pact, we will commit to a collaborative effort to continue building best-in-class Arctic and polar icebreakers and other Arctic and polar capabilities in each of our respective countries by sharing expertise, information, and capabilities. Over the next six months, we also will jointly develop an implementation plan for this collaboration to build these highly complex and critical vessels for our allies and partners with interests and responsibilities in the Arctic and Antarctic regions.“This partnership will strengthen the shipbuilding industries in each nation with the goal of creating good-paying jobs in shipyards, marine equipment manufacturers, and many other related services across all three countries. In the Arctic, new, faster shipping lanes hold the potential to create new economic opportunities and drive down shipping costs. And in the Antarctic, our partnership can also foster increased scientific research and international collaboration.“This partnership is about more than the collective production of polar icebreakers and capabilities, including Arctic and polar-capable ships. It is about providing the capability for like-minded nations to uphold international rules, norms, and standards to sustain peace and stability in the Arctic and Antarctic regions for generations to come.”Related ProductBackgrounder: New Canada, Finland, and the United States partnership

A country, after all, is not something you build as the pharaohs built the pyramids, and then leave standing there to defy eternity. A country is something that is built every day out of certain basic shared values.